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Photos of UAE mammals


There are 45 species of terrestrial mammals known to occur in the UAE either naturally, as introduced species, or to have become extinct within the last 75 years.

Update 17 Sep 2022: Smugmug, the host of our photos, have corrupted some of the links below. If you click on a species, and a broken link appear, please go directly to the Mammals page by clicking here


Single-humped Camel, Camelus dromedarius

Arabian Leopard, Panthera pardus nimr

Caracal Lynx, Felis caracal schmitzi

Gordon's Wildcat, Felis silvestris gordoni

Sand Cat, Felis margarita

Feral Cat, Felis cattus

Red Fox, Vulpes vulpes

Blanford's Fox, Vulpes cana

Rüppell's Fox, Vulpes rueppelli

Ratel, Mellivora capensis (only tracks recorded in the UAE)

White-tailed Mongoose, Ichneumia albicauda

Indian Grey Mongoose, Herpestes edwardsi

Feral Donkey, Equus africanus

Arabian Oryx, Oryx leucoryx

Sand Gazelle, Gazella subgutturosa marica

Mountain Gazelle, Gazella gazella cora

Arabian Tahr, Hemitragus jayakari

Feral Goat, Capra aegagrus hircus

House Mouse, Mus musculus

Brown Rat, Rattus norvegicus

Black Rat, Rattus rattus

Egyptian Spiny Mouse, Acomys cahirinus

Wagner's Gerbil, Gerbillus dasyurus

Baluchistan Gerbil, Gerbillus nanus

Cheeseman's Gerbil, Gerbillus cheesmani

Sundevall's Jird, Meriones crassus

Arabian Jird, Meriones arimalius 

Indian Desert Jird, Meriones hurrianae

Lesser Jerboa, Jaculus jaculus

Cape Hyrax, Procavia capensis

Cape Hare, Lepus capensis

Brandt's Hedgehog, Hemiechinus hypomelas

Ethiopian Hedgehog, Hemiechinus aethiopicus

Long-eared Hedgehog, Hemiechinus auritus

House Shrew, Suncus murinus

Savi’s Pygmy Shrew, Suncus etruscus


Egyptian Fruit Bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus

Muscat Mouse-tailed Bat, Rhinopoma muscatellum

Persian Leaf-nosed Bat, Triaenops persicus

Trident Leaf-nosed Bat, Asellia tridens

Hemprich's Long-eared Bat, Otonycteris hemprichii

Sind Serotine, Eptesicus nasutus

Kuhl’s Pipistrelle, Pipistrellus kuhlii

Naked-bellied Tomb Bat, Taphozous nudiventris

Un-identified bats


Bryde's Whale, Balaenoptera brydei

Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphin, Sousa chinensis

Risso's Dolphin, Grampus griseus


Introduced mammals:

Indian Palm Squirrel, Funambulus palmarum



- Feral domestic cats are established in many parts of the UAE; the impact on native fauna is not known, but elsewhere, hybridisation with Wild Cats (Felis silvestris ssp) is known to be an issue.

- There have been several reported sightings of wolves and Hyaenas over the past 10 years, however these are unlikely to be resident in UAE. The EW classification by Hornby, 1996 is therefore likely to remain unchanged when the taxa are reevaluated.

- There have been no confirmed sightings of Ratel in UAE, the species has only ever been identified by tracks.

- Indian Grey Mongoose is thought to have established itself in the Northern Emirates as a result of specimens escaping from captivity.

- African Donkey (Equus africanus syn. E. asinus) is critically endangered throughout its original range, however it has been introduced and become feral in many parts of the world. The status and taxonomy of the species in the UAE is unclear. Bones belonging to an Equuid species (identified as E. africanus) have been found dating back 7,000 years.

- The presence of wild goats in UAE was documented in 1968 (Harrison 1968). However, no sightings of the species have been recorded since this date.

- Feral domestic goats (capra aegagrus hircus) have been introduced to several parts of UAE.

- Cape hyraxes were apparently introduced to Jebel Hafeet in Al Ain during the mid 1990’s; however, it is unlikely that they occur naturally in The UAE.

- Long-eared hedgehog is listed based on a single record from Abu Dhabi Emirate.

- The house shrew, a commensal species, was considered by Duckworth, as likely to occur although there are no formal records of its occurrence.

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